By Wes Myhre
First, let us look at the word guests and do a comparative word study on this Greek word, anakeimai. ἀνακεῖμαι anakeîmai (G345), an-ak-i’-mahee; from G303 and G2749; to recline (as a corpse or at a meal):—guest, lean, lie, sit (down, at meat), at the table. The KJV translates Strongs G345 in the following manner: sit at meat (5x), guests (2x), sit (2x), sit down (1x), be set down (1x), lie (1x), lean (1x), at the table (1x).
Let find out where it is used elsewhere and how it is used.
And it came to pass, as Jesus sat at meat G345 in the house, behold, many publicans and sinners came and sat down with him and his disciples. Matthew 9:10 (Emphasis added.)
Here Yeshua is sitting with His disciples, publicans and sinners. The question which needs to be answered here, who are the publicans and sinners? The people who seek after Yeshua. People in or seeking an relationship, those who have faith in the Messiah. Furthermore, we see in this next verse Yeshua as He sits has an intimate encounter with a woman seeking Him.
There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat G345 at meat. Matthew 26:7 (Emphasis added.)
Now when the even was come, he sat down G345 with the twelve. Matthew 26:20 (Emphasis added.)
Here again, where the word anakeimai is used, Yeshua sits with His twelve disciples with whom he has a close relationship.
And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying. G345 Mark 5:40 (Emphasis added.)
This is lying down in need of Yeshua, and her parents seek Him for help.
And as they sat G345 and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me. Mark 14:18 (Emphasis added.)
Yet a gain those people around Yeshua are in a close relationship with Him. Here it is His disciples, and the same goes for the following verse.
Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, G345 and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. Mark 16:14 (Emphasis added.)
And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat G345 in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster box of ointment, Luke 7:37 (Emphasis added.)
This is the same as Matthew 26:7.
25 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. 26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. 27For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, G345 or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? G345 but I am among you as he that serveth. Luke 22:25-27 (Emphasis added.)
In these verse Yeshua is still talking about a relationship with those with whom He is close.
And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; G345 and likewise of the fishes as much as they would. John 6:11 (Emphasis added.)
Here Yeshua feeds the multitude seeking Him.
Now there was leaning G345 on Jesus’ bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. John 13:23 (Emphasis added.)
Here the word anakeimai is defined as leaning. Who is doing the leaning, someone in close relationship with Yeshua.
27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly. 28 Now no man at the table G345 knew for what intent he spake this unto him. John 13:28 (Emphasis added.)
Here again, we find Yeshua at supper with intimate friends.
So in these cases we find Yeshua sharing time with close, intimate friends, and remember He calls His people friends
Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. John 15:15
Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. John 15:13
Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. John 15:14
And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. James 2:23
Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. 1 John 3:1
A man [that hath] friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend [that] sticketh closer than a brother. Proverbs 18:24
But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Romans 5:8
Also notice the word anakeimai describes an action rather than a person place or thing. Here is site to go for more information on this, anakeimai.
With all that being said and looking at context, the word guests, should be translated as “having an intimate relationship with a close friend(s).”
Now let us look at the word wedding and what it means exactly.
And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: G1062 and the door was shut. Matthew 25:10
And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; G1062 that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately. Luke 12:36
When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, G1062 sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him; Luke 14:8
And the third day there was a marriage G1062 in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: John 2:1
And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. G1062 John 2:2
Marriage G1062 is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge. Hebrews 13:4
Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage G1062 of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. Revelation 19:7
And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage G1062 supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God. Revelation 19:9
It looks as though wedding and marriage are used interchangeably. We know in today’s American English wedding and marriage are synonyms. For example, we can say, “at your marriage ceremony” or “at your wedding ceremony.” However, saying something like “my marriage certificate” is the correct usage, but “my wedding certificate” is not. Context does matter.
Looking at Matthew 22 we see wedding is used.
The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage G1062 for his son, Matthew 22:2
And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: G1062 and they would not come. Matthew 22:3
Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. G1062 Matthew 22:4
Then saith he to his servants, The wedding G1062 is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. Matthew 22:8
Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. G1062 Matthew 22:9
So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding G1062 was furnished with guests. Matthew 22:10
And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding G1062 garment: Matthew 22:11
And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding G1062 garment? And he was speechless. Matthew 22:12
We see here the word usage is interchangeable. For an exercise let us replace these words with our meanings.
10 So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the marriage was furnished with “having an intimate relationship with a close friend(s)”. 11 And when the king came in to see the “having an intimate relationship with a close friend(s)”, he saw there a man which had not on a marriage garment: Matthew 22:10-11
It does not read smoothly but we can see the possibility exists guest are the wedding party/bride.
However, we have to be careful to label who represents each party. So let us look to see who are the players in this story. We have the chief priests and Pharisees who is the antecedent for them in verse 1. Verse 2 we find that king is a simile for the kingdom of heaven. This king made a marriage for his son. He sent forth servants in verse 3 to call them that were bidden, to call or to name.
These bidden ones did not come. More servants went out to the bidden ones, of which some left and some remained. The bidden ones that remained killed the servants. The angered king had these bidden remnant ones killed along with destroying their city. The bidden ones are not ready, so bid to the marriage those who you can find (vs9 and 10).
In verse10 is the crux of the whole parable. And the wedding was furnished with guests. Looking back to verse 2 where the king is making a marriage for his son and verse 4 where the bidden are to come unto the marriage and became unworthy and in verse 9 those you can find bid to the marriage shows that the kings son will marry those bidden, but the ones refusing will be cast out. One question to ask is that could the first ones refusing to go to the wedding change their minds and come because they were found on the highways? Furthermore this is summed up in verse, “For many are called, but few are chosen.” Which one are chosen but those who choose to go to the marriage.
1And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said, 2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, 3 And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. 4 Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. 5 But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: 6 And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. 7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. 8 Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. 9 Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. 10 So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests. 11 And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: 12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. 13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 14 For many are called, but few are chosen. Matthew 22:1-14 (Emphasis added.)
Finally, concerning the survivors of the tribulation please read this blog entry of mine, Begin at the Beginning.